The Combined Graduate Level (CGL) Exam conducted annually by the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) consists of four phases, where each phase needs to be cleared depending upon the requirement of different posts. SSC CGL 201920 Exam will be conducted in four tiers, i.e., Tier – I, Tier – II, Tier – III and Tier – IV as shown below in the table:
Tier 
Type of Exam 
Mode of Exam 
Tier – I 
Objective Multiple Choice 
ComputerBased (Online) 
Tier – II 
Objective Multiple Choice 
ComputerBased (Online) 
Tier – III 
Descriptive Paper in English or Hindi 
Pen and Paper mode (Offline) 
Tier – IV 
Skill Test: Data Entry Speed Test (DEST)/ Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) 
Wherever Applicable (Not necessary for all the post) 
Document Verification 
Applicable for all 
Changes in the SSC CGL Exam Pattern
1.) Online Exam: Previously SSC CGL Tier1 and Tier2 Exam are conducted through Paper Pen mode but from the year 2016 all SSC Exams are to be conducted through Online Mode which is also known as (CBT) Computer Based Test.
2.) EAdmit Cards: Candidates SSC had discontinued sending Paper Admit Cards to candidates resident appearing for SSC Exam. Be it’s CGL Exam or CHSL Exam Admit Card will be generated online and it can be downloaded through the respective SSC Regional Websites.
Selection Process and Exam Pattern 20192020
The selection process of CGL 2017 is totally based on Written Exam which is changed and now it is known as Online Objective Test which is also called as (CBT) Computer Based Test. And after that candidates should appear for Descriptive Test as well as Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and for Skill Test also.
1) Tier – 1: Candidates this is the First Stage of the CGL Exam. This means those candidates who have applied for CGL Exam than firstly have to appear for the Tier1 Exam.
Tier1 Exam is an online mode exam and it comprises 4 sections with 25 questions contain each and every section with the total time duration 75 Minutes.
Quantitative Aptitude Section  25 Questions (50 Marks)  
General Intelligence & Reasoning Section  25 Questions (50 Marks)  Total Time 
General Awareness Section  25 Questions (50 Marks)  60 min 
English Language & Comprehension  25 Questions (50 Marks) 
Points to remember
There is negative marking in SSC CGL 201920 Tier 1 Exam. 0.5 marks will be deducted from every question that is attempted wrong by a candidate in all the sections.
The exam duration is 80 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped and suffering from Cerebral Palsy.
Final Merit: Final Selection of candidates will be made on all performances in all three tiers.
3) Tier3: This stage is for those candidates who have qualified their Tier2 Exam then they all have to appear for the Tier3 Exam, This Stage is totally Descriptive Paper of Hindi/ English. Total Weight age of Tier3 Exam is also 100 Marks and applicants have to score at least 33% of marks for qualifying for Merit List.
Note: Minimum qualifying marks for Descriptive paper is 33%.
The abovementioned syllabus was just a brief of the SSC CGL TierI Exam. Students must go through the detailed syllabus of all the sections and frame a study plan which will be helpful to identify and focus on their weakest topics.
General Intelligence and Reasoning 
General Awareness 
Quantitative Aptitude 
English Language & Comprehension 
Classification 
Static General Knowledge (Indian History, Culture, etc.) 
Simplification 
Reading Comprehension 
Analogy 
Science 
Number System 
Fill in the Blanks 
CodingDecoding 
Current Affairs 
Averages 
Spellings 
Puzzle 
Sports 
Percentage 
Phrases and Idioms 
Matrix 
Books and Authors 
Ratio and Proportion 
One word Substitution 
Word Formation 
Important Schemes 
Problem on Ages 
Sentence Correction 
Venn Diagram 
Portfolios 
Speed, Distance and Time 
Error Spotting 
Direction and Distance 
People in the News 
Interest 
Synonyms 
Blood Relations 
Computers 
Mensuration 
Antonyms 
Series 
Awards and their importance 
Data Interpretation 
Idioms & Phrases 
Verbal reasoning 
Geography 
Time and Work 

NonVerbal Reasoning 
Economy 
Algebra 

Critical Thinking 
Polity 
Trigonometry 

Emotional & Social Intelligence 
Population Census 
Geometry 
General Intelligence & Reasoning: This section tests the candidates’ ability to think and problemsolving skills. The questions asked in this question are mainly the brain teasers and sometimes can be quite tricky to answer. The questions will be of both verbal and nonverbal type out of the following chapters:
General Intelligence & Reasoning Topics 

S. No. 
Topics 
S. No. 
Topics 
1 
Analogies 
21 
Figural Classification 
2 
Similarities and Differences 
22 
Semantic Series 
3 
Space visualization 
23 
Number Series 
4 
Spatial orientation 
24 
Figural Series 
5 
Problem solving & Analysis 
25 
Problem Solving 
6 
Judgment & Decision making 
26 
Word Building 
7 
Visual memory 
27 
Numerical Operations 
8 
Discrimination & observation 
28 
Symbolic Operations 
9 
Relationship concepts 
29 
Embedded Figures 
10 
Arithmetical Reasoning and figural classification 
30 
Space Orientation & Visualization 
11 
Arithmetic Number Series 
31 
Venn Diagrams 
12 
Nonverbal series 
32 
Drawing inferences 
13 
Coding and Decoding 
33 
Punched hole/ pattern–folding & Unfolding 
14 
Statement conclusion 
34 
Figural pattern–folding and completion 
15 
Syllogistic reasoning 
35 
Critical thinking 
16 
Semantic Analogy 
36 
Address matching 
17 
Symbolic/ Number Analogy 
37 
Date & city matching 
18 
Figural Analogy 
38 
Classification of center codes/ roll numbers 
19 
Semantic Classification 
39 
Small & Capital letters/ numbers coding 
20 
Symbolic/Number Classification 
40 
Decoding and classification 
General Awareness: This part is considered to be one of the high scoring sections of the SSC CGL Exam. It targets at testing the candidates’ general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. Questions from current affairs taking place around the world and in India will also be a part of this section. Below are the major topics covered in the SSC CGL TierI exam under the General Awareness Section:
1  History: Facts about Harappa Civilization; Vedic culture; Name of the Kings who built important ancient Temples and Institutions like Nalanda; Chronology of Medieval India and their important systems; India’s freedom movement and their leaders. 
2  Geography: India and its neighboring countries; Famous Seaport and Airport and their location; the important institution of world and India and their locations like BRICS, World Bank, IMF, and RBI, etc. 
3  Economy: Terminology of Budget (like National Income, GDP, Fiscal Deficit and many more); Five Year Plan and its importance; Famous persons in the economy; Institutions and their importance like RBI, SEBI, etc. 
4  Polity: Supreme Court; Meaning of Write; Election of President and his functions; Important constitution bodies like CAG; Facts about parliament; Fundamental Duties; Governor and his functions; State legislature; Major Constitutional amendments and their importance; Official Language; Emergency Provisions; National political parties and their symbols. 
5  Chemistry: Chemical Properties of Substance and their uses; SI units; Chemical Name of Important substances like Plaster of Paris etc.; Chemical Change and Physical Change; Properties of Gases; Surface Chemistry; Chemistry in Everyday Life. 
6  Biology: Important Inventions and their inventor; Important and Interesting facts about human body parts; Nutrition in Animals and Plants; Diseases and their causes like Bacteria; Viruses and Protozoa; The Last four chapters of NCERT of Class 12th for the environment. 
7  Physics: Important inventions and their inventor; S.I. units; Motion; Sound; light; Wave; Energy; Electricity. 
8  Computer: Development of computers; Input and output devices; Memory. 
9  Miscellaneous: Population Census; Important books and their writers; First sports achievement for India and the world like first Olympic, first Asian Game, etc.; State Animals and Symbols; Awards and their importance; Name of the Scientist who got Noble prize for important discoveries. 
Quantitative Aptitude Topic
Quantitative Aptitude Topics 

S. No. 
Topics 
S. No. 
Topics 
1 
Number System 
20 
Congruence and similarity of triangles 
2 
Fractions and Decimals 
21 
Circle and its chords, tangents 
3 
Percentage 
22 
Angles subtended by chords of a circle 
4 
Ratio & Proportion 
23 
Common tangents to two or more circles 
5 
Square roots 
24 
Triangle 
6 
Averages 
25 
Quadrilaterals 
7 
Interest 
26 
Regular Polygons 
8 
Profit and Loss 
27 
Right Prism 
9 
Discount 
28 
Right Circular Cone 
10 
Partnership Business 
29 
Right Circular Cylinder 
11 
Mixture and Alligation 
30 
Sphere & Hemispheres 
12 
Time and distance 
31 
Rectangular Parallelepiped 
13 
Time & Work 
32 
Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base 
14 
Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds 
33 
Degree and Radian Measures 
15 
Graphs of Linear Equations 
34 
Standard Identities 
16 
Trigonometry 
35 
Complementary Angles 
17 
Bar diagram & Pie chart 
36 
Heights and Distances 
18 
Geometry and Mensuration 
37 
Histogram 
19 
Triangle and its various kinds of centers 
38 
Frequency polygon 
English Language and Comprehension: This section tests the candidates’ ability to understand correct grammar usage, vocabulary usage, and basic comprehension skills. Here is the list of topics covered in English Language and Comprehension Section of SSC CGL TierI Exam:
Synonyms
Antonyms
Sentence Completion
One Word Substitution
Spotting Errors
Sentence improvement
Spelling Test
Idioms & Phrases
Reading comprehension
Normally, the questions asked in this section are direct and quite easy. Therefore, candidates can score really well in this section. This section is important in both, TierI and TierII, levels of SSC CGL 201920 Exam.
This is an objective type of Exam conducted online. It consists of four papers, whose Sectionwise details are given below:
Paper 
Subject 
No. of Questions 
Max Marks 
Exam Duration 
I 
Quantitative Abilities 
100 
200 
2 Hours 
II 
English Language and Comprehension 
200 
200 
2 Hours 
III 
Statistics 
100 
200 
2 Hours 
IV 
General Studies (Finance & Economics) 
100 
200 
2 Hours 
This Stage is for those candidates who have qualified their Tier1 Exam and shortlisted for the Tier2 Exam.
Tier2 Exam is also an Online Mode Exam and it comprises 3 sections,
Paper 1 is for English (Matriculation Level)
Paper 2 is for Quantitative Abilities (10+2 Level)
Paper 3 is based on Statistical Methods (For Junior Statistical Officer) (Graduation Level)
Paper 4 is for those who have shortlisted for the post of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer. (Graduation Level)
Paper 1  English  100 Questions (200 Marks) 
paper 2  Quantitative Abilities  100 Questions (200 Marks) 
Basically Paper 1 and Paper 2 are compulsory for Every candidate who has qualified their Tier1 Exam and Paper 3 is for those candidates who have applied for Statistical Investigator Posts.
This paper has exactly the same syllabus which was earlier stated for the Quantitative Aptitude Section of the SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam. Below are the major topics covered in SSC CGL TierII exam under Paper I  Quantitative Abilities:
Paper1: Quantitative Abilities Topics 

S. No. 
Topics 
S. No. 
Topics 
1 
Number System 
20 
Congruence and similarity of triangles 
2 
Fractions and Decimals 
21 
Circle and its chords, tangents 
3 
Percentage 
22 
Angles subtended by chords of a circle 
4 
Ratio & Proportion 
23 
Common tangents to two or more circles 
5 
Square roots 
24 
Triangle 
6 
Averages 
25 
Quadrilaterals 
7 
Interest 
26 
Regular Polygons 
8 
Profit and Loss 
27 
Right Prism 
9 
Discount 
28 
Right Circular Cone 
10 
Partnership Business 
29 
Right Circular Cylinder 
11 
Mixture and Alligation 
30 
Sphere & Hemispheres 
12 
Time and distance 
31 
Rectangular Parallelepiped 
13 
Time & Work 
32 
Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base 
14 
Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds 
33 
Degree and Radian Measures 
15 
Graphs of Linear Equations 
34 
Standard Identities 
16 
Trigonometry 
35 
Complementary Angles 
17 
Bar diagram & Pie chart 
36 
Heights and Distances 
18 
Geometry and Mensuration 
37 
Histogram 
19 
Triangle and its various kinds of centers 
38 
Frequency polygon 
Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate‘s understanding and knowledge of English Language. Here is the list of topics covered in Paper II  English Language and Comprehension Section of SSC CGL TierII Exam:
Spotting the error
Fill in the blanks
Synonyms
Antonyms
Spelling/detecting missspelled words
Idioms & phrases
One word substitution
Improvement of sentences
Active/passive voice of verbs
Conversion into Direct/indirect narration
Shuffling of sentence parts
Shuffling of sentences in a passage
Close passage
Comprehension passage
PaperIII will be for only those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) and who are shortlisted in TierI for this Post/Paper.
S. No. 
Paper III Statistics Topics 
1 
Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data 
2 
Measures of Central Tendency 
3 
Measures of Dispersion 
4 
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis 
5 
Correlation and Regression 
6 
Probability Theory 
7 
Random Variable and Probability Distributions 
8 
Sampling Theory 
9 
Statistical Inference 
10 
Analysis of Variance 
11 
Time Series Analysis 
12 
Index Numbers 
Here is the detailed list of topics covered in Statistics PaperIII of SSC CGL TierII Exam:
Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data: Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions
Measures of Central Tendency: Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
Measures of Dispersion: Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis: Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
Correlation and Regression: Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‘s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlations (For three variables only).
Probability Theory: Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‘ theorem.
Random Variable and Probability Distributions: Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variables (discrete).
Sampling Theory: Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques (simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling, and quota sampling); Sampling distribution (statement only); and Sample size decisions.
Statistical Inference: Point estimation and interval estimation, properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample, and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
Analysis of Variance: Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway classified data.
Time Series Analysis: Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
Index Numbers: Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of an index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
PaperIV will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted in TierI for PaperIV, i.e., for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
Paper 
Subject 
No of Questions 
Max Marks 
Exam Duration 
Part  A 
Finance and Accounts 
100 
80 
2 Hours 
Part  B 
Economics and Governance 
120 
Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting:
Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, Ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Nonprofit organizations Accounts, Receipts and Payments, and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
Comptroller & Auditor General of India  Constitutional provisions, Role, and responsibility
Finance Commission  Role and functions
Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics  Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve
Theory of Demand and Supply  Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behavior  Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
Theory of Production and cost  Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
Forms of Market and price determination in different markets  Various forms of markets  Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
Indian Economy –
Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors  Role of Agriculture, Industry and Servicestheir problems and growth;
National Income of India  Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income
Population  Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth
Poverty and unemployment  Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment
Infrastructure  Energy, Transportation, Communication
Economic Reforms in India  Economic reforms since 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment
Money and Banking 
Monetary/ Fiscal policy  Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/ RRB/ Payment Banks
Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
Role of Information Technology in Governance
SSC CGL Tier  III Exam is a descriptive paper that will be taken offline via pen and paper mode. In this exam, candidates’ language proficiency, grammar knowledge, vocabulary usage, and writing skills will be tested in English/Hindi. Candidates are required to write essays, précis, applications, letters, etc. in 60 minutes.
Mode of Examination 
Subject 
Maximum Marks 
Time 
Pen and Paper Mode 
Descriptive Type Paper in English or Hindi (Writing of Essay/ Précis/ Letter/ Application etc.) 
100 
60 Minutes 
The SSC CGL Tier  IV Exam comprises of a couple of skill tests which are required for certain government posts and document verification procedure:
DEST (Data Entry Speed Test):
Data Entry Speed Test (DEST) at 8,000 (eight thousand) Key Depression per hour on Computer is specifically for the post of Tax Assistants (Central Excise & Income Tax).
The “Data Entry Speed Test” Skill Test will be conducted for a passage of about 2000 (two thousand) key depressions for a duration of 15 (fifteen) minutes.
This test will be of qualifying nature and is used to check the typing speed of the candidate.
DEST will be conducted in the manner decided by the Commission for the purpose.
Orthopedically Handicapped (OH) candidates opting for the post of Tax Assistant in CBDT are exempted for appearing in Skill Test. OH candidates opting for post of Tax Assistant in CBEC are not exempted from Skill Test.
Hearing Handicapped (HH) and Visually Handicapped (VH) candidates are not eligible for exemption from the Skill Test. VH candidates will be allowed additional compensatory time of 5 minutes in DEST. Only those VH candidates who opt for scribes in the written examination will be provided passage reader at the time of Skill Test.
CPT (Computer Proficiency Test):
The Commission will hold CPT, comprising three modules –
Word Processing,
Spread Sheet and
Generation of Slides
The test will be conducted for the post of
Assistant Section Officer of Central Secretariat Service (CSS), Assistant Section Officer (MEA), Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and Assistant (GSI) in the Ministry of Mines.
CPT will be of qualifying nature.
The CPT will be conducted in the manner decided by the Commission for the purpose. No exemption from CPT is allowed for any category of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) candidates.